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Genetics and Molecular Biology
Print version ISSN 1415-4757
KALERI, Hubdar Ali; XIANG, Liu; ANIWASHI, Jueken and XU, Shiyong. Oviduct-specific expression of tissue plasminogen activator in laying hens. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.2, pp.231-236. Epub Apr 08, 2011. ISSN 1415-4757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572011005000011.
Egg-laying hens are important candidate bioreactors for pharmaceutical protein production because of the amenability of their eggs for protein expression. In this study, we constructed an oviduct-specific vector containing tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) protein and green fluorescent protein (pL-2.8OVtPAGFP) and assessed its expression in vitro and in vivo. Oviduct epithelial and 3T3 cells were cultured and transfected with pL-2.8OVtPAGFP and pEGP-N1 (control vector), respectively. The pL-2.8OVtPAGFP vector was administered to laying hens via a wing vein and their eggs and tissues were examined for tPA expression. The oviduct-specific vector pL-2.8OVtPAGFP was expressed only in oviduct epithelial cells whereas pEGP-N1 was detected in oviduct epithelial and 3T3 cells. Western blotting detected a 89 kDa band corresponding to tPA in egg white and oviduct epithelial cells, thus confirming expression of the protein. The amount of tPAGFP in eggs ranged 9 to 41 ng/mL on the third day after vector injection. The tPA expressed in egg white and oviduct epithelial cells showed fibrinolytic activity, indicating that the protein was expressed in active form. GFP was observed only in oviducts, with no detection in heart, muscle, liver and intestine. This is the first study to report the expression of tPA in egg white and oviduct epithelial cells using an oviduct-specific vector.
Keywords : green fluorescent protein; human tissue plasminogen activator; laying hens; oviduct-specific expression.