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Genetics and Molecular Biology
Print version ISSN 1415-4757
NAEEM, Rehan; DAHLEEN, Lynn and MIRZA, Bushra. Genetic differentiation and geographical Relationship of Asian barley landraces using SSRs. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.2, pp. 268-273. Epub Apr 01, 2011. ISSN 1415-4757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572011005000014.
Genetic diversity in 403 morphologically distinct landraces of barley (Hordeum vulgare L. subsp. vulgare) originating from seven geographical zones of Asia was studied using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers from regions of medium to high recombination in the barley genome. The seven polymorphic SSR markers representing each of the chromosomes chosen for the study revealed a high level of allelic diversity among the landraces. Genetic richness was highest in those from India, followed by Pakistan while it was lowest for Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. Out of the 50 alleles detected, 15 were unique to a geographic region. Genetic diversity was highest for landraces from Pakistan (0.70 ± 0.06) and lowest for those from Uzbekistan (0.18 ± 0.17). Likewise, polymorphic information content (PIC) was highest for Pakistan (0.67 ± 0.06) and lowest for Uzbekistan (0.15 ± 0.17). Diversity among groups was 40% compared to 60% within groups. Principal component analysis clustered the barley landraces into three groups to predict their domestication patterns. In total 51.58% of the variation was explained by the first two principal components of the barley germplasm. Pakistan landraces were clustered separately from those of India, Iran, Nepal and Iraq, whereas those from Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan were clustered together into a separate group.
Keywords : cluster analysis; genetic diversity; geographical differentiation; Hordeum vulgare; principal component analysis.