Genetics and Molecular Biology
Print version ISSN 1415-4757
MATIC, Sanja et al. Genotoxic potential of Cotinus coggygria Scop. (Anacardiaceae) stem extract in vivo. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.2, pp.298-303. Epub Mar 25, 2011. ISSN 1415-4757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572011005000001.
The intention was to evaluate the possible in vivo genotoxic potential in different cell-types, of a methanol extract obtained from the plant stem of Cotinus coggygria Scop., using the sex-linked recessive lethal (or SLRL) test and alkaline comet assay. The SLRL test, revealed the genotoxic effect of this extract in postmeiotic and premeiotic germ-cell lines. The comet assay was carried out on rat liver and bone marrow at 24 and 72 h after intraperitoneal administration. For genotoxic evaluation, three concentrations of the extract were tested, viz., 500, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg body weight (bw), based on the solubility limit of the extract in saline. Comet tail moment and total scores in the group treated with 500 mg/kg bw, 24 and 72 h after treatment, were not significantly different from the control group, whereas in the groups of animals, under the same conditions, but with 1000 and 2000 mg/kg bw of the extract, scores were statistically so. A slight decrease in the comet score and tail moment observed in all the doses in the 72 h treatment, gave to understand that DNA damage induced by Cotinus coggygria extract decreased with time. The results of both tests revealed the genotoxic effect of Cotinus coggygria under our experimental conditions.
Keywords : comet assay; Cotinus coggygria; extract; genotoxic effect; SLRL.