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Genetics and Molecular Biology
versão impressa ISSN 1415-4757
SOUZA, Josiane et al. Chromosome 19p13.3 deletion in a child with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, congenital heart defect, high myopia, learning difficulties and dysmorphic features: clinical and molecular characterization of a new contiguous gene syndrome. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.4, pp. 557-561. Epub 16-Set-2011. ISSN 1415-4757. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572011005000044.
The Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal-dominant hamartomatous polyposis syndrome characterized by mucocutaneous pigmentation, gastrointestinal polyps and the increased risk of multiple cancers. The causative point mutation in the STK11 gene of most patients accounts for about 30% of the cases of partial and complete gene deletion. This is a report on a girl with PJS features, learning difficulties, dysmorphic features and cardiac malformation, bearing a de novo 1.1 Mb deletion at 19p13.3. This deletion encompasses at least 47 genes, including STK11. This is the first report on 19p13.3 deletion associated with a PJS phenotype, as well as other atypical manifestations, thereby implying a new contiguous gene syndrome.
Palavras-chave : 19p13.3 deletion; comparative genomic hybridization array; contiguous gene syndrome; Peutz-Jeghers syndrome; STK11 gene.