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Genetics and Molecular Biology

Print version ISSN 1415-4757

Abstract

ROSSI, Ciro César; ARAUJO, Elza Fernandes de; QUEIROZ, Marisa Vieira de  and  BAZZOLLI, Denise Mara Soares. Characterization of the omlA gene from different serotypes of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae: a new insight into an old approach. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2013, vol.36, n.2, pp.243-251.  Epub Apr 09, 2013. ISSN 1415-4757.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572013005000012.

The OmlA protein is a virulence factor of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, an important pathogen in pigs. The polymorphisms present in the omlA gene sequence of 15 reference serotypes of A. pleuropneumoniae and non-serotypable isolates were assessed to determine the possible evolutionary relationship among them and to validate the importance of this gene as a molecular marker for the characterization of this bacterium. Divergence among the 15 serotypes of A. pleuropneumoniae probably resulted initially from two major evolutionary events that led to subsequent differentiation into nine groups. This differentiation makes it possible to characterize most of the serotypes by using bionformatics, thereby avoiding problems with immunological cross-reactivity. A conserved α-helix common to all the serotypes was most likely involved in connecting the protein to the outer membrane and acting as a signal peptide. A previously unknown gene duplication was also identified and could contribute to the genetic variability that makes it difficult to serotype some isolates. Our data support the importance of the omlA gene in the biology of A. pleuropneumoniae and provide a new area of research into the OmlA protein.

Keywords : Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae; omlA gene; phylogenetic reconstruction; porcine pleuropneumonia.

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