Revista de Nutrição
Print version ISSN 1415-5273
BIANCHI, Maria de Lourdes Pires and ANTUNES, Lusânia Maria Greggi. Free radicals and the main dietary antioxidants. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 1999, vol.12, n.2, pp. 123-130. ISSN 1415-5273. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-52731999000200001.
During the reduction of molecular oxygen, reactive oxygen species are formed and there is a continuous requirement for inactivation of these free radicals. Damage induced by free radicals can affect many biological molecules, including lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and vitamins present in the food. Reactive oxygen species are also thought to be implicated in the pathogenesis of various human diseases. In fact, evidence has been accumulated indicating that a diet rich in antioxidants reduce the risks of the major human diseases. This review discusses the importance of dietary antioxidants in the defense strategies of organisms against free radicals.
Keywords : free radicals; antioxidants; diet; vitamins.