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Revista de Nutrição
On-line version ISSN 1678-9865
SAMPAIO, Helena Alves de Carvalho. Nutritional aspects related to menstrual cycle. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2002, vol.15, n.3, pp. 309-317. ISSN 1678-9865. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-52732002000300007.
The aim of the present review is to show the most important topics discussed in literature about the association between nutrition and menstrual cycle, contributing to improve the nutritional care for women. Aspects related to physiology of the menstruation, metabolic changes and feeding behavior during the menstrual cycle are reviewed. Considering the menstrual cycle divided in two phases, follicular and luteal, it is in this last one that more alterations are described, like fluid retention, weight gain, increase in caloric needs, modifications in the lipid profile and in the metabolism of vitamin D, calcium, magnesium and iron, emotional hypersensitivity, aches and changes in feeding behavior. In relation to this last item, it can occur a higher caloric intake and the development of food cravings, mainly for chocolate, candies and salty foods. It is fundamental that all the cited aspects are considered during nutritional consultation in order to facilitate the adoption of more specific procedures.
Keywords : menstrual cycle; menstruation; nutritional changes; metabolism; feeding behavior.