Revista de Nutrição
On-line version ISSN 1678-9865
MARTINS, Fabiana Ferreira; MENDES, Andréa Barcellos; CRUZ, Wanise Maria de Souza and BOAVENTURA, Gilson Teles. Calcium metabolism in phenilke. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2009, vol.22, n.3, pp.419-428. ISSN 1678-9865. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-52732009000300012.
Phenylketonuria is an inborn error of the metabolism of the amino acid phenylalanine. The treatment is essentially dietetic and involves a severe restriction in the consumption of foods containing aminoacid phenylalanine. Although the diet is complemented with supplements in order to meet the vitamin, mineral and essential amino acid requirements, nutritional deficiencies still occur. This is mainly due to restricting the consumption of protein sources, which results in low intake of several nutrients, including calcium. Calcium is strongly related to bone mineral formation. Recent studies have demonstrated that patients with phenylketonuria often present osteopenia and fractures, the greatest incidence being in children older than 8 years. Rapid growth, a calcium-deficient diet and elevated aminoacid phenylalanine plasma levels have been described as the principal factors responsible for inadequate bone formation. It has been shown that calcium-supplementation in healthy children had a positive effect on bone mass acquisition during prepuberty. Therefore, it is pertinent to understand the need of calcium-supplementation in phenylketonuria in order to promote full bone development.
Keywords : Phenylketonuria; Bone density; Calcium metabolism.