Revista de Nutrição
On-line version ISSN 1678-9865
VALLE, Valéria Sales do et al. Effect of a low-energy diet on the body composition and serum lipid levels of overweight adult women. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2010, vol.23, n.6, pp.959-967. ISSN 1678-9865. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-52732010000600003.
OBJECTIVE: This study verified the effects of a 12-week low-calorie diet on the body composition and serum lipid levels of overweight adult women. METHODS: The sample consisted of 20 females (23.80 years with a standard deviation of 2.73 years) of the Westfit-Bangu gym. They were randomly divided into two groups of ten: the Control Group and the Diet Group. Body composition (body mass, %fat, body mass index and lean body mass) and serum lipid levels (total cholesterol, triglycerides and high-, low- and very low-density lipoproteins) were assessed. Descriptive (central tendency and dispersion) and inferential statistics (Student's t-test) were used for inter and intragroup analysis. The significance level was set at p<0.05. RESULTS: The Diet Group presented a significant decrease (p<0.05) in anthropometric variables (body mass, % of fat, BMI and lean mass) and serum lipids (triglycerides, total cholesterol and low- and very low-density lipoproteins). The level of high-density lipoprotein also decreased but not significantly. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the low-calorie diet was an excellent option for the treatment of obesity and to control serum lipid levels, decreasing the cardiovascular risk of the studied population.
Keywords : Low-energy; Lipids; Obesity.