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Revista de Nutrição

Print version ISSN 1415-5273

Abstract

PINHO, Cláudia Porto Sabino et al. Consumption of foods that protect against and promote cardiovascular disease by adults from Pernambuco State, Brazil. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2012, vol.25, n.3, pp.341-351. ISSN 1415-5273.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-52732012000300004.

OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the consumption of foods that protect against and promote cardiovascular diseases and associated factors by adults from Pernambuco. METHODS: This cross-sectional, population-based study done in 2006 involved 1820 adults aged 25 to 59 years. Foods were divided into three groups: high-fiber (protective foods), sugary foods and high-saturated fat foods (risk of cardiovascular disease and excess weight gain). Food intake was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire and amounts were converted into scores. The model included demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral and anthropometric variables. RESULTS: The mean sugary food intake score was higher than the high-fiber and high-saturated fat intake scores (p<0.001). Older country people with lower income and education level consumed less sugary foods and saturated fats. The highest high-fiber food scores were associated with higher income and education level. Low-birth weight individuals presented a high intake of simple carbohydrates; nonsmokers and those who reported consuming alcoholic beverages presented a high intake of saturated fats. Fiber intake was higher among nonsmokers and individuals with higher income and education level. CONCLUSION: Higher intake of sugary foods instead of high-fiber foods makes people more susceptible to diet-related diseases and reflects the nutritional transition that has been going on in Brazil in the last decades.

Keywords : Carbohydrates; Food consumption; Cardiovascular diseases; Fats.

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