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Revista de Nutrição

Print version ISSN 1415-5273

Abstract

NEVES, Alice Cristina Medeiros das; MOURA, Erly Catarina; SANTOS, Wallace  and  CARVALHO, Kênia Mara Baiocchi de. Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding in the Legal Amazon and Northeast regions, Brazil, 2010. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2014, vol.27, n.1, pp.81-95. ISSN 1415-5273.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1415-52732014000100008.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to identify the factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding in children aged less than six months from the Brazilian Legal Amazon and Northeast regions.

METHODS:

The study used data from a survey that assessed prenatal and infant (<1 year) care in 2010. Sociodemographic, prenatal, delivery, and puerperium care factors with p<0.05 in multivariate analysis were associated with exclusive breastfeeding.

RESULTS:

For both regions, the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding decreased with age, which was the main variable associated with early weaning. In the Legal Amazon, exclusive breastfeeding prevailed among: mothers aged 35 years or more; mothers living in state capitals; and mothers who breastfed on the first hour of life. In the Northeast, the probability of exclusive breastfeeding was greater for mothers aged 35 years or more.

CONCLUSION:

The factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding were child's and mother's age in both regions; and residence location and breastfeeding in the first hour of life in the Legal Amazon, suggesting the need of differentiated strategies for the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding.

Keywords : Breast feeding; Epidemiologic factors; Epidemiology; Infant.

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