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Revista de Nutrição

versão On-line ISSN 1678-9865

Resumo

CARVALHO, Nágila Araújo de; MARTINS, Karine Anusca; SOUSA, Lucilene Maria de  e  DIAZ, Mário Ernesto Piscoya. Feeding in full-time public schools: Do students adhere and accept?. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2017, vol.30, n.3, pp.357-368. ISSN 1678-9865.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-98652017000300008.

Objective

Identifying adherence to, and acceptance of school feeding, and analyzing the factors associated with non-adherence/non-acceptance in full-time public schools in Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil.

Methods

Cross-sectional study with students of both sexes aged 6-14 years. Issues regarding the consumption of meals, food distribution, food eaten outside the school and socioeconomic data, including nutritional assessment of students, were investigated. Adherence to meals was defined as the consumption of school meals four to five times/week, and acceptance was defined as meal approval, using the facial hedonic scale.

Results

A total of 359 students participated in this study and it was observed that adherence was high for lunch (95%) and afternoon snacks (78%), and low for morning snacks (44%). Acceptance did not reach the required minimum percentage of 85% for any of the meals. Factors associated with non-adherence were the presence of >4 people in a household, having meals in a refectory, the meal location being considered uncomfortable and a negative evaluation of utensils used in eating meals. Factors associated with non-acceptance were age >10 years, female sex, the negative evaluation of utensils used in eating meals and inadequate food temperature.

Conclusion

Lunch and afternoon snacks showed the highest adherence, but the stipulated acceptance was not reached. Non-adherence and non-acceptance were mainly associated with aspects related to school feeding. This study allowed the evaluation of feeding in full-time public schools, in order to influence its improvement.

Palavras-chave : Nutrition policy; School feeding; School health..

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