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Revista de Nutrição

versão On-line ISSN 1678-9865

Resumo

ROCHA, Liane Murari et al. Body composition and metabolic profile in adults with vitamin D deficiency. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2017, vol.30, n.4, pp.419-430. ISSN 1678-9865.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-98652017000400002.

Objective:

To investigate the body composition and metabolic profile in individuals in terms of different concentrations of serum vitamin D, ranging from deficiency to sufficiency.

Methods:

A cross-sectional study of 106 adults of both genders, who were divided into three groups according to vitamin D levels: deficiency: <20ng/mL; insufficiency: 20-29.9ng/mL; and sufficiency: 30-100ng/mL. Anthropometric evaluation included weight, height, and body circumferences. Fat mass and lean mass were assessed using the Tetrapolar bioelectrical impedance method. Clinical and biochemical evaluations were also carried out. Insulin resistance was estimated using the Homeostasis Model Assessment Insulin index.

Results:

The analysis showed that the main alterations in individuals in the vitamin D deficiency group were higher triglycerides, very low density lipoprotein - cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, insulin, glycated hemoglobin, body mass index, body fat percentage, lean mass percentage, waist circumference, and Homeostasis Model Assessment Insulin than those of the vitamin D sufficient group (p<0.05).

Conclusion:

It was found that vitamin D deficiency causes important body composition and metabolic changes, which may lead to diseases such as diabetes Mellitus and metabolic syndrome.

Palavras-chave : Body composition; Obsesity; Vitamin D..

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