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Revista de Nutrição

versão On-line ISSN 1678-9865

Resumo

SPERANDIO, Naiara; RODRIGUES, Cristiana Tristão; FRANCESCHINI, Sylvia do Carmo Castro  e  PRIORE, Silvia Eloiza. Impact of Bolsa Família Program on the nutritional status of children and adolescents from two Brazilian regions. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2017, vol.30, n.4, pp.477-487. ISSN 1678-9865.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-98652017000400007.

Objective:

To assess and compare the impact of the Bolsa Família Program (Family Allowance) on the nutritional status of children and adolescents from the Brazilian Northeastern and Southeastern regions.

Methods:

The study used data from a database derived from a subsample of the Family Budget Survey conducted from 2008 to 2009. The ratios of underweight, stunted, and overweight children were calculated. Impact measurement analysis was preceded by propensity score matching, which matches beneficiary and non-beneficiary families in relation to a set of socioeconomic features. The nearest-neighbor matching algorithm estimated the program impact.

Results:

The ratio of underweight children and adolescents was, on average, 1.1% smaller in the beneficiary families than in the non-beneficiary families in the Northeastern region. As for the Southeastern region, the ratio of overweight children and adolescents was, on average, 4.2% smaller in the beneficiary families. The program did not affect stunting in either region.

Conclusion:

The results showed the positive impact and good focus of the program. Thus, once linked to structural actions, the program may help to improve the nutritional status and quality of life of its beneficiaries.

Palavras-chave : Malnutrition; Nutritional status; Overweight; Public policy..

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