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Revista de Nutrição

Print version ISSN 1415-5273On-line version ISSN 1678-9865

Abstract

ALVES, Patrícia Cândido et al. Dietary assessment of women surviving breast cancer according to the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2019, vol.32, e180054.  Epub Oct 17, 2019. ISSN 1415-5273.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-9865201932e190054.

Objective

Review the diet and nutritional status of women surviving breast cancer following the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted with 201 women, who underwent anthropometric measurements to determine body mass index, waist circumference and waist/hip ratio. Dietary assessment was performed usinga food frequency questionnaire. Consumption was stratifi ed into four groups: fresh/minimally processed food (Group 1), processed food ingredients (Group 2), processed food (Group 3) and ultra-processed food (Group 4).The ratio of daily contribution of each food group to total calories and macronutrients supply was calculated. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square tests and Spearman correlation, with p<0.05 as significance level.

Results

The mean age was 50 ± 11 years. An abdominal fat accumulation with a high excess weight condition in women under 60 years of age (p=0.003) was observed. A greater intake of group 1 food, but contributing with about 1/3 of the calories and macronutrients total intake as compared to food groups 3 and 4 was also observed.

Conclusion

The women assessed consumed a higher proportion of calories and macronutrients from fresh/minimally processed food. There is no theoretical reference that allows to affirm that the amount of processed andultra-processed food consumed represents a health hazard for those women. There was no association between dietary intake, nutritional status and age group.

Keywords : Breast neoplasms; Cancer survivors; Food guide; Healthy diet.

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