Revista Dental Press de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial
Print version ISSN 1415-5419
FABER, Jorge; AZEVEDO, Ricardo Bentes de and BAO, Sônia Nair. Dentofacial applications of distraction osteogenesis: the state of the art. Rev. Dent. Press Ortodon. Ortop. Facial [online]. 2005, vol.10, n.4, pp. 25-33. ISSN 1415-5419. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-54192005000400004.
Distraction osteogenesis is a tissue engineering technique in which the gradual separation of surgically sectioned bone edges results in the generation of new bone. The basic regeneration process is similar to intramembranous ossification. A great number of applications has been found for it in the dentofacial complex, ranging from tooth distraction to midface advancement. This article reviews the literature regarding distraction osteogenesis with the aim of providing the orthodontist and oral surgeon an updated approach to the clinical and biological aspects of this technique.
Keywords : Distraction osteogenesis; Maxillo-mandibular distraction; Tooth distraction; Periodontal distraction; Review.