Revista de Administração Contemporânea
versão On-line ISSN 1982-7849
OLIVEIRA-CASTRO, Gardênia Abbad de; PILATI, Ronaldo e BORGES-ANDRADE, Jairo Eduardo. Percepção de suporte organizacional: desenvolvimento e validação de um questionário. Rev. adm. contemp. [online]. 1999, vol.3, n.2, pp. 29-51. ISSN 1982-7849. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-65551999000200003.
The organizational behavior specialized literature has been considering the importance of the organizational support concept for the understanding of performance at work and of commitment, citizenship and turnover. However the research in the area needs reliable measures of the perception of support. This work reports the experience in developing a Brazilian questionnaire for support, based on Eisenberger et al. (1986) theoretical proposal and on private and public organizations workers surveyed aspects. These aspects were qualitatively analyzed and semantically validated and the resulting items were transformed in a questionnaire, that have been responded by a sample of 1384 workers. Their responses were submitted to a factorial analysis (PAF), with oblique rotation, and produced two types of empirical structures: one unifactorial - perception of organizational support and another with four sub-scales - performance management, work load, material support to performance and ascension, promotion and salaries. They all have high reliability scores (Cronbach's alphas). The use of this questionnaire in organizational behavior research is here discussed and more studies are suggested; they may insure a broader generalized utilization.
Palavras-chave : organizational support; performance management; work load; material support to performance; ascension, promotion and salaries.