Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia
On-line version ISSN 1980-5497
COLLADO-MESA, Fernando and DIAZ-DIAZ, Oscar. Frequency and duration of breast-feeding in Cuban children with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 1998, vol.1, n.3, pp. 294-297. ISSN 1980-5497. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X1998000300008.
It has been suggested that breastfeeding is a protective factor against Type 1 DM due to anti-infection properties or delay in exposure to other agents in the diet. A descriptive study was carried out using data from the Cuban National Registry of Childhood-Onset Diabetes Mellitus (CNRDM). The goal of the study was to determine the frequency and duration of breast-feeding in Cuban children with Type 1 DM. Four hundred and eighty-six children were registered in the CNRDM between January 1, 1988, and December 31, 1993. Breast-feeding data was obtained from two hundred and sixty three (54.1%) of the total registered children. Of these children, two hundred and one (76.4%) were breastfed. The median duration of breast-feeding was three months (Total range 144 months). No statistically significant association was found between the mean age at DM or the clinical profile at diagnosis and the breast-feeding duration groups (p >0.05, respectively). In conclusion, Cuban children with Type 1 DM have relatively low frequency of breast-feeding. When breast-feeding is studied without stratifying for different types of breast-feeding (e.g. exclusive and non-exclusive), there is no association found with the age at DM diagnosis or the clinical profiles at diagnosis.
Keywords : Breast feeding; Diabetes mellitus, insulin-dependent; Children; Cuba.