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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

Print version ISSN 1415-790XOn-line version ISSN 1980-5497

Abstract

OPROMOLLA, Paula Araujo; DALBEN, Ivete  and  CARDIM, Márcio. Analysis of the spatial distribution of leprosy in The State of São Paulo, 1991-2002. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2005, vol.8, n.4, pp.356-364. ISSN 1415-790X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2005000400004.

Leprosy is a problem yet to be solved in Brazil, and in the State of São Paulo there are still areas with high detection rates. The present study aimed to analyze the distribution and quantify the spatial dependency of mean detection rates for leprosy in the State of São Paulo, during the 1991-2002 period, utilizing geostatistical techniques. A slight tendency toward decreased mean detection rates was verified in the State of São Paulo. High indexes of the indicator could be visualized in the West and Northwest regions of São Paulo. An estimated 30 km spatial dependency was detected. Based on the results, it could be concluded that analyzing the surface of mean detection rates may be helpful for choosing priority areas for examining groups of people, and to increment tests for the contacts of cases detected.

Keywords : Leprosy; Detection rates; Geoprocessing; Leprosy endemics; Spatial analysis; Geostatistics; Krigage.

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