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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

Print version ISSN 1415-790XOn-line version ISSN 1980-5497

Abstract

TEIXEIRA, Júlio César  and  PUNGIRUM, Marcelo Eustáquio Macedo de Castro. An analysis of the relationship between health and sanitation in Latin America and the Caribbean, using secondary data from PAHO - The Pan American Health Association. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2005, vol.8, n.4, pp.365-376. ISSN 1415-790X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2005000400005.

This study aimed to assess the relationship between sanitation conditions - population covered by water supply and sewerage services - and epidemiological indicators - infant mortality, mortality in children below 5, and mortality from acute diarrhoeal diseases in children below 5 - in Latin American and Caribbean countries, using secondary data from PAHO - the Pan American Health Organization. The research included 44 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, with an estimated population of 561.3 million inhabitants in year 2005. The epidemiological method used was ecological delineation. It is possible to state that the universalization of sanitation services, implementation of urban infrastructure, fight against infant malnutrition, and increase in the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding up to 120 days of life are actions that will contribute towards the improvement of infant health in the region.

Keywords : Environmental sanitation; Child health; Mortality; Latin America and Caribbean; PAHO.

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