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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

Print version ISSN 1415-790XOn-line version ISSN 1980-5497

Abstract

SOARES, Bolivar  and  CANTOS, Geny Aparecida. Parasitological quality and hygienic-sanitary conditions of vegetables sold in the city of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2005, vol.8, n.4, pp.377-384. ISSN 1415-790X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2005000400006.

Although vegetables are widely sold and consumed in Brazil, the ingestion of raw vegetables is an important way of transmission of intestinal parasites. In this study, the presence of transmissible forms of intestinal parasites in three vegetable species commercially available in five very busy locations (two supermarkets, two "kilo markets" and a street market) located in the city of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil, within the period between June 2003 and May 2004 was evaluated. The in natura vegetables were washed with water and the washing water was submitted to the spontaneous sedimentation method for a period of 24 hours. Concomitantly to the laboratory research, the conditions of cultivation and manipulation of the producers of the vegetables sold in Florianópolis were evaluated. The parasitologic analysis confirmed the presence of intestinal parasites in most of the vegetables analyzed (40% to 76%). Among the factors involved in the contamination of vegetables, the origin of the water used for irrigation, storage and transportation of vegetables and the degree of manipulation during the sampling process can be included. From the results, it can be concluded that vegetables sold in the investigated region play an important role in the transmission of intestinal diseases, and, therefore, specific measures should to be taken in order to avoid the contamination of these vegetables.

Keywords : Vegetables; Intestinal parasites; Parasitologic quality.

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