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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

versão impressa ISSN 1415-790X

Resumo

CORREA, Gyselle Guimarães; MALHAO, Thainá Alves; ASMUS, Carmen Ildes Rodrigues Fróes  e  COELI, Cláudia Medina. A socio-economic profile of exposed populations to petroleum exploration residues. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2011, vol.14, n.3, pp.372-385. ISSN 1415-790X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2011000300003.

INTRODUCTION: Environmental Macro-Area Five (EMA-5) is located in Rio de Janeiro. Their municipalities are suffering the consequences of rapid urbanization, especially after the discovery of large reserves of petroleum and natural gas (PNG) in the Campos Basin. OBJECTIVE: To describe the socio-economic profile of the region and compare their indicators in space and time. METHODS: This is an ecological study, which made comparisons between the 11 municipalities of EMA-5. It is based on the behavior of the indicators before and after the increase in royalties and special participatioms (RPE) and the division of the production areas of PNG (main production area - MPA - and the border zone of MPA, BZMPA). The period of analysis of the indicators ranged from 1991 to 2005. RESULTS: Higher values of gross domestic product per capita were found in the municipalities of MPA, especially Macaé. The same occurred in the RPE per capita, especially Rio das Ostras (higher value) and Nova Friburgo (lower value). In 2004, more than 50% of total revenues of municipalities were dependent on the funds derived from royalties. In 2000, Nova Friburgo had the best Human Development Index. The highest value of the Quality Index of Municipalities Potential for Development was found in Macaé. The major indexes of Social Exclusion was found in Macaé, Nova Friburgo and Rio das Ostras. CONCLUSION: It was found, in the municipalities of MPA, economic growth with great exclusive reliance on royalties. It should invest in alternative economic activities for which there is no damage to the population with the completion of these resources.

Palavras-chave : petroleum; economic indexes; development indicators; social indicators; hydrographic basins; natural resources exploitation.

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