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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia
Print version ISSN 1415-790X
SILVEIRA, Augusta et al. Head and Neck Cancer: Health Related Quality of Life Assessment considering clinical and epidemiological perspectives. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.1, pp. 38-48. ISSN 1415-790X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2012000100004.
The importance of oncology diseases as a cause of morbidity and mortality is increasing worldwide, and their social impact is being recognized due to economic and social costs involved in prevention, treatment and rehabilitation. Head and neck cancer is one of the six most prevalent neoplasms worldwide, with an estimated 900,000 new cases diagnosed annually. Regardless of tumor site, deterioration of basic functions affecting head and neck areas are perceived and affect patients' lives. Appropriate cancer registration may provide a better analysis of health-related quality of life outcomes. In this study, 380 head and neck cancer patients were evaluated. The study showed that women have lower overall Quality of Life results. It also emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis, which often relates to stages with better prognosis and better Quality of Life outcomes. The study concluded that tumor location has an impact on Quality of Life self-perception. Values of Health Related Quality of Life should be analyzed along with socio-demographic and clinical variables in order to better understand the epidemiology, pathogenesis, and prevention of Head and Neck Cancer.
Keywords : Epidemiology; Oncology; Head and neck cancer patients; Quality of life; Pathogenesis; Prevention.