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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

Print version ISSN 1415-790X

Abstract

AGUILERA, Sandra Lúcia Vieira Ulinski; FRANCA, Beatriz Helena Sottile; MOYSES, Simone Tetu  and  MOYSES, Samuel Jorge. Intermunicipal inequities in access and use of secondary health services in the metropolitan area of Curitiba. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2014, vol.17, n.3, pp.654-667. ISSN 1415-790X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-4503201400030007.

The aim of this study was to identify and analyze inequities in the access to specialized services in the municipalities of the metropolitan area of Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. This is an ecological study. In its preparatory stage, this study focused on the socioeconomic, epidemiologic, healthcare network and sectoral financing network profiles of the 26 municipalities comprising this area. Factor analysis was employed to obtain the six principal components, and a synthetic index was calculated from them, allowing municipalities to be ranked according to living conditions and health situation. Primary data was collected from 24 municipalities, regarding their capacity, directed and repressed demand of specialized healthcare services. The context analysis revealed accentuated intermunicipal inequities. The synthetic index allowed municipalities to be classified in four relatively homogeneous groups regarding living and health conditions. Municipalities located in Vale do Ribeira obtained the worse outcomes for the Living Conditions and Health Situation Synthetic Index, as well as the higher repressed demand for specialized healthcare services. The geographical distance from the capital showed to contribute to worse living and health conditions and greater difficulties in access to healthcare services.

Keywords : Health services accessibility; Health public policy; Health management; Health services evaluation; Referral and consultation; Equity in health.

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