SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.17 suppl.2Social determinants of health and dental caries in Brazil: a systematic review of the literature between 1999 and 2010Social determinants for health (mental): evaluating a non-governmental experience from the perspective of actors involved author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

Print version ISSN 1415-790X


BARALDI, Larissa Galastri  and  CONDE, Wolney Lisboa. Parent's social status and children's nutrition influence on the university entrance of young adults in the last two decades in Brazil. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2014, vol.17, suppl.2, pp.116-125. ISSN 1415-790X.


The analysis of social indicators and health status of parents and children is a preferred way to estimate the potential for social mobility in different societies or different periods in the same society.


To analyze the evolution of educational and nutritional status of the Brazilian families by an intergenerational approach.


A representative sample of the Brazilian population, consisting of parents (35 to 65 years old) and young adults (20 to 24 years old) obtained from three national surveys NHNS (1989), HBS (2003 and 2009). We performed a descriptive analysis and, for the sons, we calculated the probability of starting college using the multilevel logistic regression with random intercept model.


The advance of the nutritional status of young people was statistically higher than to their parents (p < 0.005). Social conditions experienced in childhood and family status had great influence on their later school success.


These data indicate improvements in social status controlled by the nutritional status, initiated in the period of 1989 - 2003. Although inequality persists in the country, the family's influence declined in the period 2003 - 2009.

Keywords : Nutritional status; Educational status; Social inequity; Young adult; Social mobility; Brazil.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English     · English ( pdf )