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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

On-line version ISSN 1980-5497

Abstract

ZANUTO, Everton Alex Carvalho et al. Sleep disturbances in adults in a city of Sao Paulo state. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2015, vol.18, n.1, pp.42-53. ISSN 1980-5497.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-5497201500010004.

OBJECTIVE:

To analyze the occurrence of sleep-related disorders among adults from Presidente Prudente, Brazil, as well as to identify associations with behavioral, socio-demographic and nutritional status variables.

METHODS:

After random selection of the sample, interviews were performed with 743 adults of both genders, living in Presidente Prudente, Brazil. Sleep-related disorders, demographic variables (sex, age, ethnicity and schooling), behavioral variables (leisure physical activity, alcohol consumption, and smoking) and nutritional status were analyzed by questionnaires.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of sleep-related disorders was 46.7%, with 95% confidence interval (95%CI) 43.1 - 50.2. In the multivariate analysis, female sex, with odds ratio (OR) 1.74 (95%CI 1.26 - 2.40), schooling (OR = 0.49; 95%CI 0.28 - 0.82), overweight (OR = 1.99; 95%CI 1.39 - 2.85) and obesity (OR = 2.90; 95%CI 1.94 - 4.35) were associated with sleep-related disorders.

CONCLUSION:

There is high occurrence of sleep-related disorders in this sample, which was associated with female sex, lower schooling, overweight and obesity.

Keywords : Sleep initiation and maintenance disorders; Sleep; Motor activity; Overweight; Obesity; Educational status.

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