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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

Print version ISSN 1415-790XOn-line version ISSN 1980-5497

Abstract

FLORES, Thaynã Ramos; NUNES, Bruno Pereira; ASSUNCAO, Maria Cecília Formoso  and  BERTOLDI, Andréa Dâmaso. Healthy habits: what kind of guidance the elderly population is receiving from health professionals?. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2016, vol.19, n.1, pp.167-180. ISSN 1415-790X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-5497201600010015.

Objective:

To describe the prevalence of guidance on healthy habits received from health professionals by elderly and its relation to socioeconomic demographic, behavioral and health indicators, and the type of services.

Methods:

Cross sectional population based study including individuals aged 60 years or more in the urban area of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Seven guidance on healthy habits were evaluated: weight control, reduction in salt, sugar and fat intake, physical activity practice, not smoking and not drinking alcohol.

Results:

Among the 1,451 elderly interviewed, 1,281 (88.3%) consulted in the last year. The orientations more refereed were to fat (61.7%) and salt (61.5%) intake reduction and physical activity (58.2%). Elderly who consulted three times or more and in services financed by the Unified Health System received more guidance. Those elderly from the socioeconomic classes A/B were more likely to receive guidance for weight control (RP = 1.27; 95%CI 1.06 - 1.70) and physical activity (RP = 1.34; 95%CI 1.06 - 1.69).

Conclusion:

The orientation from health professionals were uncommon and, in some cases, unfocused.

Keywords : Orientation; Health promotion; Life style; Healthy behavior; Aged; Epidemiology..

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