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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

versão impressa ISSN 1415-790Xversão On-line ISSN 1980-5497

Resumo

MACIEL, Adjoane Maurício Silva; ALMEIDA, Nádia Maria Girão Saraiva de; SILVA, Anamaria Cavalcante e  e  ALMEIDA, Paulo César de. Factors associated with trachoma treatment and control treatment in schools of municipality of the Northeast Region, Brazil. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2020, vol.23, e200011.  Epub 21-Fev-2020. ISSN 1980-5497.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-549720200011.

Introduction:

Trachoma maintains itself as a public health problem and an important cause of morbidity, visual impairment and preventable blindness in Brazil.

Objective:

To analyze factors associated with treatment and control of trachoma treatment in schoolchildren diagnosed during the national campaign in 2014, in the town of Russas, Ceará.

Methodology:

A cross-sectional study was brought out from January to April 2016. Social, demographic, economic and follow-up data were collected for 390 schoolchildren aged five to 14 years old, diagnosed with trachoma in the campaign in 2014. They were defined dependent variables: trachoma treatment and control of trachoma disease, categorized as adequate and inadequate, and multivariate analyzes were performed.

Results:

Treatment was considered adequate in 56.7% of schoolchildren and in only 5.9% treatment control was classified as adequate. In the multivariate analysis, they have got an association with the trachoma treatment result: rural residence zone and waste destination in a non-public space. The last control of the treatment of trachoma remained associated to the variables: rural residence zone; family income less than a minimum wage and school not examined by the physician.

Conclusion:

Inadequate treatment and control of trachoma treatment showed an association with socioeconomic variables and follow-up of primary care. Health education activities were not accessible to the entire community, indicating the need for more involvement by primary care professionals.

Palavras-chave : Trachoma; Drug therapy; Control..

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