Revista de Economia Contemporânea
Print version ISSN 1415-9848
NONNENBERG, Marcelo José Braga and MESENTIER, Allan. Is China only assembling parts and components?: the recent spurt in high tech industry. Rev. econ. contemp. [online]. 2012, vol.16, n.2, pp. 287-315. ISSN 1415-9848. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-98482012000200006.
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate to which degree China is climbing up the technology ladder and increasing its domestic content in high tech industry. More specifically, we will assess whether China has increased its share in world trade of high tech goods and, at the same time, increased its domestic content, changing its role from a mere final assembler to a producer of more intense technology goods. We have built an indicator of domestic value added calculated as the difference between exports of final goods and imports of its parts and components. The main conclusion is that this measure has increased significantly since the early 1990ís, putting in evidence the profound changes that occurred in Chinaís high tech exports in the last two decades.
Keywords : External trade; innovation; China; production fragmentation.