Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais
Print version ISSN 1516-0572
SCHERER, R. et al. Xanthium strumarium L. antimicrobial activity and carboxyatractyloside analysis through electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2009, vol.11, n.2, pp. 159-163. ISSN 1516-0572. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722009000200008.
The aim of this work was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of Xanthium strumarium L. leaf extracts against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Clostridium perfringens, as well as to investigate the presence of the toxic compound carboxyatractyloside in different plant parts. S. aureus and C. perfringens were more sensitive to non-polar than to polar fractions, and there was no difference between extracts for the remaining bacteria. All extracts had strong antimicrobial activity against the evaluated microorganisms. Carboxyatractyloside was found in cotyledons and seeds but not in adult leaves and burrs. Thus, only Xanthium strumarium leaves in adult stage can be used for medicinal purposes.
Keywords : cocklebur; antimicrobial activity; medicinal plants.