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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

versão impressa ISSN 1516-0572

Resumo

VICENTE, M.A.A.; ALMEIDA, W.A.B.  e  CARVALHO, Z.S.. In vitro multiplication and acclimation of Vernonia condensata Baker. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2009, vol.11, n.2, pp.176-183. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722009000200011.

The medicinal species Vernonia condensata, commonly known as "alumã", belongs to the family Asteraceae and has analgesic and gastric protective properties. The increasing use of this plant in the Northeast of Brazil due to its therapeutic properties justifies the need of measures to minimize the impact of its exploitation in natural reserves. The aim of this study was to multiply, in vitro, "alumã" plants under different BAP levels, acclimating them. Axillary buds were sterilized in 70% (v/v) alcohol solution for 2 minutes and in 75% sodium hypochlorite solution (2% active chlorine) at 3:1 concentration for 15 minutes, followed by three washings in sterile distilled water. Multiplication treatments consisted of different BAP levels (0.0; 1.0; 2.0; 3.0; 4.0 and 5.0 mg L-1) in semi-solid MS medium. The experimental design was completely randomized, with 5 replicates and 10 buds per replicate. After 30 days of cultivation, the highest rate of responsive explants was obtained: 84% at 1.0 mg L-1 BAP, producing 4.0 sprouts/explant. In the treatments 3.0, 4.0 and 5.0 mg L-1, there were vitrified leaves. The "alumã" microplants used in this study had 100% survival in acclimation.

Palavras-chave : biotechnology; medicinal plants; tissue culture.

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