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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

versão impressa ISSN 1516-0572


FERREIRA, B.G.A. et al. Methodologies of IBA application in the rooting of Sapium glandulatum (vell.) pax semi-hardwood cuttings. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2009, vol.11, n.2, pp.196-201. ISSN 1516-0572.

The species Sapium glandulatum, commonly known as "leiteiro", is one of the Brazilian native species potentially recommended for the recovery of degraded areas, mainly due to its pioneering character and probable medicinal properties since its family, Euphorbiaceae, is rich in phenolic compounds. In April/2000 and December/2001, experiments were carried out in a greenhouse to investigate the effects of different indolebutyric acid (IBA) levels in concentrated solution (10 seconds immersion), diluted solution (16 hours immersion) and as talc, associated or not with boric acid, on the rooting of Sapium glandulatum semi-hardwood cuttings. The latter were produced from sproutings of the year collected from stock plants located in Bocaiúva do Sul, Paraná State, Brazil. The length of each cutting was about 10 cm, with 2 half apical leaves. The following treatments were evaluated: 0, 4000, 6000 and 8000 mg L-1 IBA, alone and with 150 mg L-1 boric acid (concentrated solution); 0, 200 and 400 mg L-1 IBA, alone and with 150 mg L-1 boric acid (diluted solution); and 0, 4000, 6000 and 8000 mg L-1 IBA as talc. After 70 days in greenhouse, the best period for cutting collection was December/2000 (summer), and 8000 mg L-1 IBA in concentrated solution led to the highest rooting percentage (14%), although not significantly different from the remaining treatments. The diluted solution did not show promising results for root system induction due to the high mortality of cuttings. The results for IBA as talc were not higher than those for the best treatments in concentrated solution, which indicates this method is not recommended to increase Sapium glandulatum rooting induction. Thus, sprouting cuttings of the year from this species are not recommended for its vegetative propagation, according to the evaluated treatments.

Palavras-chave : cutting; indolebutyric acid; boric acid; medicinal plants.

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