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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

versão impressa ISSN 1516-0572

Resumo

ALCANTARA, G.B. et al. Effect of naphthaleneacetic acid and indolebutyric acid on rooting of jambul [Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels] cuttings. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2010, vol.12, n.3, pp.317-321. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722010000300009.

Jambul usually propagates by seeds, which causes variability in the descendant plants and represents a problem in the formation of commercial orchards. The development of a protocol for vegetative propagation by cuttings would enable the reproduction of all features of the Mother plant, uniformity in populations and easy propagation. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and indolebutyric acid (IBA) on rooting of jambul cuttings. Twelve-cm-long cuttings from the median region of branches were prepared through bevel cut in the base and right cut above the last axillary bud, keeping one pair of halved leaves. Cutting bases were immersed for 10s in aqueous solutions containing NAA or IBA at 0, 500, 1000 and 1500 mg L-1 concentrations. Plastic trays containing medium sand were used in the planting. The cuttings were kept in a greenhouse under intermittent nebulization and, at 120 days after planting, the following variables were evaluated: percentage of rooted, with calluses, alive (not-rooted and without calluses) and dead cuttings; length of the three largest roots (cm); and number of roots per cutting. The best rooting was observed by using 1000 mg L-1 of both tested plant growth regulators. Rooting percentage was slightly higher under NAA relative to IBA.

Palavras-chave : medicinal plants; cutting; auxin; Syzygium cumine.

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