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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

versión impresa ISSN 1516-0572

Resumen

ALVES, L.L. et al. Allelopathic activity of aqueous extracts of medicinal plants on the germination of Lactuca sativa L. and Bidens pilosa L.. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2011, vol.13, n.3, pp. 328-336. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722011000300012.

The allelopathic potential of four different extracts of medicinal plants (Eclipta alba, Gomphrena globosa, Tabernaemontana catharinensis and Tithonia diversifolia) was evaluated on the germination of Bidens pilosa and Lactuca sativa. The results obtained in the germination test indicated a greater inhibitory activity of G. globosa extract on Bidens pilosa and Lactuca sativa seeds and seedlings, regardlessof the used concentration, and an increase in the inhibitory activity of T. catharinensis and T. diversifolia extracts with an increase in their concentrations. As to Germination Speed Index, the data demonstrated a reduction due to the high mortality of seedlings subjected to G. globosa and T. catharinensis extracts and a late germination of seeds subjected to T. diversifolia extracts. As to the vigor of seeds, the smallest survival percentages occur at 2.5% for B. pilosa and at 10% for L.sativa.

Palabras llave : allelopathy; Eclipta alba; Gomphrena globosa; Tabernaemontana catharinensis; Tithonia diversifolia.

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