Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais
Print version ISSN 1516-0572
PINHEIRO, A.C.S.; PAIS, A.A.; TARDIVO, A.C.B. and ALVES, M.J.Q.F.. Effect of aqueous extract of corn silks (Zea mays L.) on the renal excretion of water and electrolytes and arterial pressure in anesthetized Wistar rats. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2011, vol.13, n.4, pp. 375-381. ISSN 1516-0572. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722011000400001.
The corn (Z. mays) has in its stigmas (corn silks) substances that make it diuretic, which may be important in hypertension control. In this study, the effect of aqueous extract (AE) of corn silks on the renal flow of water (V) and electrolytes and arterial pressure (AP) was investigated in anesthetized Wistar rats. Three groups were tested: I) Control - intragastric administration (IA) of 1mL of distilled water, II) IA of 1 mL of AE of corn silks at 20% and III) IA of 1 mL of a solution containing furosemide. Cannulation was performed in the left carotid artery to measure AP, at every 10 minutes, and in the urinary bladder to measure V, at every 30 minutes, and the excreted load of ions sodium (Qe (Na+)) and potassium (Qe (K+)). Experimental protocol: four periods of 30 minutes each: basal (evaluation of basal parameters) and experimental (Ex) 1, 2 and 3 (30, 60 and 90 minutes after IA, respectively). Group I had no significant differences between periods for the analyzed parameters (p>0.05). Group II presented a significant increase (p<0.05) in V, Qe (Na+) and Qe (K+) in periods Ex2 and Ex3, with significant reduction in AP (p<0.05) in Ex2 and Ex3. As expected, Group III had a significant increase in V in periods Ex2 (p<0.05) and Ex3 (p<0.001), an increase in Qe (Na+) in Ex1 (p<0.05), Ex2 (p<0.001) and Ex3 (p<0.001) and an increase in Qe (K+) in Ex2 (p<0.05) and Ex3 (p<0.001), with an important reduction in AP (p<0.05) in Ex2 and Ex3. These data show that AE of corn silks has a diuretic effect but does not act as a loop diuretic since it did not lead to potassium loss or marked sodium loss, compared to furosemide.
Keywords : plant extracts; Zea mays; rats; arterial pressure; urinary flow.