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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais
Print version ISSN 1516-0572
MASETTO, M.A.M.; DESCHAMPS, C.; MOGOR, A.F. and BIZZO, H.R.. Yield and composition of essential oil from inflorescences and leaves of lavender (Lavandula dentata L.) in different flower development stages and harvest times. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2011, vol.13, n.4, pp. 413-421. ISSN 1516-0572. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722011000400007.
The essential oil of Lavandula dentata L. has economic importance due to its utilization by pharmaceutical, cosmetic and personal care industries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the yield and composition of essential oil from lavender inflorescences and leaves in different development stages. The experimental design was completely randomized in 2 x 3 factorial arrangement, with three flower development stages (bud, pre-anthesis/anthesis and senescence) and two harvest periods (January and April), and 5 replicates. The essential oil samples were obtained by hydrodistillation, and the compounds were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (GC/MS). There was an interaction between the factors harvest time and flower development on essential oil yield of inflorescences, and a superior average was observed for flower buds harvested in January. The development stages did not alter the essential oil yield of leaves. The development stages influenced the levels of compounds of the essential oil from inflorescences and leaves. For essential oil in senescent flower stage harvested in April, there was a high level of 1,8-cineol, whereas in the remaining development stages, the levels were lower in both harvest times. The levels of camphor increased in the pre-anthesis/anthesis and senescence in January harvest. The essential oil from leaves presented higher levels of 1,8-cineol in branches with flowers in pre-anthesis/anthesis. Camphor and fenchone levels were higher in branches with buds. The essential oil from leaves of branches with buds and senescent flowers showed higher levels of linalool than that from inflorescences.
Keywords : lavender; aromatic plants; 1,8-cineol; camphor; linalool.