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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

versão impressa ISSN 1516-0572

Resumo

LINS, R. et al. Clinical evaluation of mouthwash with extracts from aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius) and chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) on plaque and gingivitis. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.1, pp.112-120. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722013000100016.

This study aimed to clinically evaluate the effect of mouthwash with extracts from the medicinal plants aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius) and chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) on plaque control and gingivitis treatment. Thus, a randomized, double-blind interventional clinical trial was conducted, involving 59 adults treated at the Clinics of the Dentistry Program of Univ Estadual da Paraíba (UEPB). The sample consisted of patients with chronic gingivitis. This sample was randomly selected and divided into three groups: mouthwash with chlorhexidine (positive control group), mouthwash with chamomile (test group 1); mouthwash with aroeira (test group 2). During the first visit, and prior to rinses, all patients were instructed in oral hygiene and subjected to scaling and root planing procedure (SRP) of the whole mouth in one single session. Rinses occurred from the first clinical appointment to the 15th day after the beginning of treatment, twice a day. To evaluate the periodontal condition of the sample on the 1st, 7th and 15th days, Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI) and Plaque Index (PI) were used. The patients were reassessed at 7 and 15 days after the beginning of the respective rinses. Results indicated that PI and GBI significantly decreased in all three groups. As to PI, chamomile mouthwash led to the greatest reduction in plaque buildup, while aroeira mouthwash resulted in the smallest reduction. For bleeding rates, results were equivalent so that statistical differences among rinses were not considered significant. Mouthwashes with chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) and aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius) were considered satisfactory in reducing gingival inflammation in the sample; in addition, mouthwash with chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.) showed the best performance in reducing the plaque index.

Palavras-chave : Periodontics; phytotherapy; gingivitis.

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