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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

Print version ISSN 1516-0572

Abstract

TESSAROLLO, N.G. et al. Agrochemicals in medicinal plants: hydrophilic macromolecules from leaves of "mil folhas" (Achillea millefolium L.) inhibit in vitro growth of phytopathogenic bacteria. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.2, pp.180-187. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722013000200003.

Aqueous extracts from the medicinal plant Achillea millefolium contain macromolecules of interest to develop agrochemicals for agriculture. Two fractions of "mil folhas" were obtained by ultrafiltration, E1 (containing molecules larger than 30 kDa) and E3 (peptides between 1 and 10 kDa), which inhibited the growth of phytopathogenic bacteria Ralstonia solanacearum, gram-negative, and Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, gram-positive, concentration-dependent. The values of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for both extracts and both bacteria were low, ranging from 20 to 80µM. The MIC relative to total protein evidenced the presence of very active macromolecules in E3, although showing low protein concentration. E3 applies to the prospection of antimicrobial peptides. The estimated MIC relative to the amount of plant sample valued the natural antimicrobial potential of E1, which contains high protein concentration. E1 and E3 can be used in the development of agrochemicals for biotechnological purposes. The ultrafiltration procedure fractionated the samples in a rapid and native way and at a low cost; it also desalted, clarified, concentrated and purified both E1 and E3. This pioneering study on the separomics and on the antimicrobial activity of macromolecular aqueous extracts from "mil folhas" suggests that healing plants have great potential to develop non-harmful agricultural natural agrochemicals, similarly to the available phytotherapic drugs.

Keywords : Defense macromolecules; antimicrobial peptides; Ralstonia solanacearum; Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis; relative minimum inhibitory concentration.

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