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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

Print version ISSN 1516-0572

Abstract

ALVAREZ, A.S.; SANTOS, L.C.; ZOGHBI, M.G.B.  and  SILVA, R.J.F.. Evaluation of secretory structures of Ocimum gratissimum var. macrophyllum Briq. (Lamiaceae) after extraction of volatile compounds. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.2, pp.237-243. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722013000200011.

The impact on the secretory structures of mature leaves of Ocimum gratissimum var. macrophyllum, after extraction of the volatile compounds using different extraction methods, was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Cross-sections of the apex, the midrib and the margin showed surface with striated cuticle, diacitic stomata, single tector, filiform and glandular peltate trichomes. The peltate trichomes with a structure surrounded by cuticle containing the celllular exudate ranged from 60 to 80µm in diameter and consisted of a multicellular apical portion of radial arrangement formed by two concentric circles with 9 to 16 cells. In the central region of the peltate trichome apex, there were 4 cells in the form of a vertex arranged on the peduncle, and this was the most external region formed by a variable number of cells. The volatile compounds of the mature leaves were extracted by hydrodistillation (HD), simultaneous distillation-extraction (SDE) and solvent (SO). The obtained data evidenced that the major impact on the secretory structures occurred after extraction by hydrodistillation, compared to the other used methods. The percentage of the major chemical constituents, thymol and γ-terpinene, changed according the extraction method: (HD = 25.4%, SO = 18.2%, SDE = 54.8%) and γ-terpinene (HD = 38.2%, SO = absent, SDE = 13.7%).

Keywords : Ocimum gratissimum var. macrophyllum; Lamiaceae; medicinal plants; anatomical analysis.

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