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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

Print version ISSN 1516-0572

Abstract

ASCARI, J.; TAKAHASHI, J.A.  and  BOAVENTURA, M.A.D.. The phytochemistry and biological aspects of Caryocaraceae family. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.2, pp.293-308. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722013000200019.

The Caryocaraceae family is constituted of 25 species distributed in two genera (Caryocar and Anthodiscus). Plants of this family have been used in several phytochemical studies for isolation and characterization of chemical compounds. Some of these studies evaluated in vitro and in vivo biological activities of extracts and pure substances isolated from plants of this family. Nine species of Anthodiscus genus have been described, while no phytochemical study related to them has been reported. On the other hand, Caryocar genus presents 16 species with several medicinal uses like for the treatment of colds and bronchitis, in the prevention of tumours, as a regulating agent of the menstrual flow, to treat ophthalmological problems and for the cure of hematomas and bruises. Some species of this genus were targeted by phytochemical studies and presented, in their composition, the following classes of secondary metabolites: triterpenes, fatty acids, tannins, carotenoids, triterpenic saponins, phenolic coumarins, phenolic glycosides, and others. The fruits of Caryocar species are very nutritive, containing in their composition fibers, proteins, carbohydrates and minerals. Seeds have been widely used as oil source with nutritional and cosmetic value. The biological evaluation of some species was carried out by using relevant biological assays such as: antioxidant, allelopathic and antifungal activities against Biomphalaria glabrata and toxicity on Artemia salina.

Keywords : Caryocaraceae; Caryocar; Anthodiscus; phytochemical constituents; biological activities; medicinal uses.

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