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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

Print version ISSN 1516-0572

Abstract

OLIVEIRA, R.A. de; MOREIRA, I.S.  and  OLIVEIRA, F.F.. Linalool and methyl chavicol present basil (Ocimum sp.) cultivated in Brazil. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.2, pp.309-311. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722013000200020.

In Brazil, Ocimum species are commonly known as aromatic and restorative herbs. The present research aimed to study the chemical composition of the essential oils of fresh and dry basil (Ocimum sp) leaves obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS. The obtained yield was 0.70% for dry leaves and 0.26% for fresh leaves. The major compounds were: linalool (29.50-32.26%) and methyl chavicol (36.81-41.62%). Eucalyptol could also be detected (9.99-7.68%). The oil from dry leaves presented a more complex chemical composition. This study serves to contribute to the knowledge of medicinal plants occurring in Brazil.

Keywords : dry leaves; fresh leaves; Lamiaceae; CG analysis.

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