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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

versão impressa ISSN 1516-0572

Resumo

BORGES, D.I.; ALVES, E.; MORAES, M.B.de  e  OLIVEIRA, D.F.. Effect of plant extracts and essential oils on the germination of urediniospores of Phakopsora pachyrhizi. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2013, vol.15, n.3, pp.325-331. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722013000300003.

Alternative methods to control plant diseases and plagues have been studied, in order to cause less damages to the environment and human health. The purpose of this study was to identify plant extracts and essential oils as possible alternative products that affect the urediniospore germination of Phakopsora pachyrhizi, the causal agent of the Asian soybean rust. Plant extracts (61) from the native flora of the Alto Rio Grande region, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, as well as five commercial essential oils were used with the purpose of testing their effects on the germination of urediniospores of the referred fungus. 6cm Petri dishes were used, with water-agar medium, added with 150 μL of plant extract or 6 μL of essential oil mixed to the culture medium. As control, 150 μL of Tween 20 at 0.7% and 150 μL of distilled water were used. Then, 50 μL of a suspension of urediniospores were added, at a concentration of 2mg5mL-1 and spread with Drigalsky spatula. Then, the plates were put in BOD, at 23(±2ºC), for 4 hours. Germination was paralyzed by adding lactoglicerol. The percentage of spore germination was evaluated in a light microscope. Among the vegetal extracts tested, ten of them presented a germination percentage below 15%. The extracts from the Pelargonium sp., Salvia officinalis, Lavandula officinalis, Mentha pulegium and M. arvensis plants presented 3.0%, 3.5%, 3.0%, 2.0% and 4.0% of urediniospore germination, respectively. All the essential oils evaluated were effective in inhibiting germination, especially the Caryophilus aromaticus essential oil that presented 5.0% of germination, with 50.0% of inhibition.

Palavras-chave : alternative control of plant diseases; Asian soybean rust.

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