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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

versão impressa ISSN 1516-0572

Resumo

COLPO, J.F.; JAHNKE, S.M.  e  FULLER, T.. Insecticidal potential of vegetable oil extracts on Grapholita molesta (Busck) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2014, vol.16, n.2, pp.182-188. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-05722014000200003.

As a result of the study on the chemical interactions between insects and herbivores and the advancement of phytochemical research studies, a variety of natural products with great insecticidal potential are described in the literature. The Grapholita molesta (Busck) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), commonly known as Oriental Fruit Moth, is a major peach pest damaging shoots and fruits. The purpose of this study was to assess the mortality, attractiveness and deterrence of vegetable oils in G. molesta. Insect eggs and pupae artificially created were immersed in the essential oils of Elionurus muticus (Spreng.) Kuntze and/or Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt ex Bor at the concentrations of 0.25%, 0.5%, 1% and 0.5%, 1%, 5%, respectively. The attractiveness tests were performed in a Y-Tube olfactometer. Oviposition deterrence was tested in no-choice and dual-choice cages. Oil of E. muticus applied in eggs of G. molesta at three concentrations caused mortality above 30%, which differs significantly from controls (p<0.05). Mortality caused by citronella oil was approximately 70%, significantly higher than control (p<0.01). The application of citronella oil at 1% in pupae caused mortality of 99.8%. There was no attractiveness of adults in the olfactometer test for any of the oils. Citronella oil presented oviposition deterrence, as the mean number of eggs in the substrate with the treatment (0.33 ± 0.33) is significantly lower than in the control (7.3 ± 0.88) (p<0.01).

Palavras-chave : Rosaceae; oriental fruit moth; control; terpenoids.

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