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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

Print version ISSN 1516-0572

Abstract

MATTANA, R.S. et al. Effects of time of extraction in the yield and chemical composition of the essential oil of pariparoba leaves [Pothomorphe umbellata (L.) Miq.]. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2015, vol.17, n.1, pp.150-156. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-084X/09_119.

The present work aimed to evaluate the influence of different times of extraction in the yield and chemical composition of the essential oil of "pariparoba" (Pothomorphe umbellate). Leaves of "pariparoba" were collected in the municipal district of Cajamar - state of São Paulo, Brazil, in June 2006. The adopted experimental design was completely randomized, with six times of extraction (90, 120, 150, 180, 210, and 240 minutes) and 4 repetitions. The extraction of the essential oil was accomplished by hydrodistillation, and the chemical analysis was performed in GC-MS. The time of extraction of 180 minutes provided greater yield of the essential oil (0.42%), and its chemical composition was not influenced by the different times of hydrodistillation. The main substances showed are D-germacrene (65.5%), alpha-selinene (9.7%), trans-caryophyllene (7.5%) and spathulenol (6.58%). The results of this work showed that the time of extraction affects the yield and the proportion of the chemical substances and it is recommended the extraction in up to 180 minutes.

Keywords : essential oil; times of extraction; hydrodistillation; yield; chemical composition; Pothomorphe umbellate.

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