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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

Print version ISSN 1516-0572

Abstract

LEITE, N.S. et al. Evaluation of the cicatrizing, topical anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of the ethanol extract of Sideroxylon obtusifolium. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2015, vol.17, n.1, pp.164-170. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-084X/09_189.

The Sideroxylon obtusifolium is a medicinal plant known as “quixabeira” in Portuguese that has been used in folk medicine for the treatment of inflammatory and painful processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the ethanol extract (EE) of S. obtusifolium on the cicatrization and local anti-inflammatory activities using a model of wound healing in rats. Wistar rats were submitted to a dorsal skin incision and polyvinyl alcohol sponge discs were implanted. Animals were euthanized after 48 h, and the tensile strength measurement at the wound site, the myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and the leukocyte counts in the wound exudates were evaluated. The 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity was determined to evaluate the antioxidant capacity of the EE. We observed that the topical administration of the EE of S. obtusifolium (3-30 mg 0.4 mL-1 of Lanette® cream) twice a day did not alter the tensile strength, but it decreased the MPO activity (p<0,01)and leukocyte infiltration (p<0,05) after 48 h of induction of wound. The EE shows to be active as DPPH radical scavenger. The IC50 value for the EE was similar to the IC50 value of gallic acid (1.04 ± 0.27 and 1.15 ± 0.02 μg mL-1 DPPH, respectively). In conclusion, the EE of Sideroxylon obtusifolium shows local anti-inflammatory activity in the model of wound healing in rats, in addition to antioxidant potential.

Keywords : Cell migration; inflammation; myeloperoxidase; Sapotaceae; Sideroxylon; wound healing.

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