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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

versão impressa ISSN 1516-0572versão On-line ISSN 1983-084X

Resumo

MERINO, F.J.Z. et al. Phytochemical analysis, antioxidant potential and toxicity of crude ethanol extract and fractions of the species Senecio westermanii Dusén against Artemia salina. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2015, vol.17, n.4, suppl.3, pp.1031-1040. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-084x/14_137.

The species Senecio westermanii Dusén, which belongs to the Asteraceae family, is an endemic and native plant from Brazil. It is found mainly in the Atlantic Forest region, in Paraná and São Paulo states. This study aimed to evaluate the phytochemical composition using a qualitative phytochemical analysis and high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD), to evaluate preliminary toxicity in vitro using Artemia salina and antioxidant potential. Qualitative phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, iridoids, steroids, triterpenes, saponinic glycosides and aminogroups. The analysis by HPLC-DAD provided the characteristic fingerprint of each sample. In the A. salina assay, the results of LD50 over 1000 μg/mL for all samples did not indicate toxicity of the evaluated extracts. All samples demonstrated antioxidant activity by reducing phosphomolybdenum complex. The highest activity was detected in the chloroform fraction, which presented activity of 92.51% compared to the standard rutin. Regarding the trial to reduce the radical DPPH•, the ethyl acetate fraction showed an IC50 of 26.98 µg/mL. In the thiobarbituric acid assay (TBARS), the hexane fraction showed the highest antioxidant activity compared to the standard rutin. These findings indicate that the Senecio westermanii is a potential source of natural antioxidants, stimulating new studies that enable their use in the treatment of disorders associated with free radicals. In addition, the species did not present toxicity in its evaluation, ensuring its applicability.

Palavras-chave : Senecio; Phytochemical analysi; Artemia salina; Antioxidant; HPLC-DAD.

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