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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

versão impressa ISSN 1516-0572versão On-line ISSN 1983-084X

Resumo

MAGALHAES, C.R.I. et al. Insecticidal potential of essential oils on Tribolium castaneum in stored maize. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2015, vol.17, n.4, suppl.3, pp.1150-1158. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-084x/15_003.

The current work aimed at to investigate the insecticide potential of essential oils of Croton heliotropiifolius, Croton pulegiodorus, Myracrodruon urundeuva and Ocimum basilicum on adults of Tribolium castaneum in stored maize. For each oil, it were performed fumigation tests, repellency and the effect on the instantaneous rate of increase (ri), in five concentrations (0; 5; 10; 15 e 20 μL). Bioassays were carried out under constant temperature conditions (28±2 °C), relative humidity (70±5%) and scot phase of 24 hours. In fumigation different concentrations of test oils were applied on filter paper strips attached on the bottom of the fumigation chamber cover (1.5 L), which contained 20 grams of food substrate and 10 unsexed adults of T. castaneum. The insect mortality was recorded after 48 hours of exposure. The repellency tests were performed in arenas composed of two pots connected to a central box. In a pot it was deposited feed substrate, with concentrations of the essential oil, in the other pot (control) it was deposited only food. Ten adult insects were released in the central box, being exposed for 5 days to evaluate the preference. In the fumigation tests, insecticide activity of the essential oil of M. urundeuva was observed on adults of T. castaneum. In the repellency tests, all the tested oils presented repellent effect. The emergency of T. castaneumreduced between 33% and 100% when they were in the powdered maize treated with the essential oils. Maize grains treated with C. pulegiodorus and O. basilicum essential oils caused a significant decrease in the populations of T. castaneum. The tested oils proved to be an efficient control alternative for the use in managing programs of T. castaneum in storing units.

Palavras-chave : Alternative control; botanical insecticides; stored grains.

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