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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

versão impressa ISSN 1516-0572versão On-line ISSN 1983-084X

Resumo

GOIS, M.A.F. et al. Ethnobotany of medicinal species in the treatment of gastrointestinal system disorders. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2016, vol.18, n.2, pp.547-557. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-084X/15_170.

This study aimed to select the plants used to treat disorders of the gastrointestinal system, in the Rio Urubueua community of Fatima, Abaetetuba, and Pará for their particular context of use, combined with local knowledge. The survey was conducted with 35 informants between the ages of 28 and 93, selected using the snowball method.Data was obtained by participant observation, semi-structured interviews and by non-specific induction. To show the relative importance of plant species, we calculated the percentage of agreement on the main uses (CUP) and agreement with regards to the corrected main uses (cUPC).The interlocutors indicated various therapeutic recipes, and from these, those most used in the treatment of diarrhea were chosen, due to having recurrent cases of this disease in the community. The chemical potential of plants was investigated using scientific documents and databases. “Boldo” and “Anoerá” showed a maximum CUP value (100%), while the “Hortelã” obtained a higher cUPC (87.5%). Of the 79 plant species used in traditional medicine in this community, nine are used by the national healthcare service(SUS). The drugs are prepared only in the form of tea, with the leaves being the most widely used plant parts (65%).For the treatment of diarrhea, the 12 species used by the interlocutors have chemical compositions that are supported by specialized literature. The Rio Urubueua community of Fatima makes use of medicinal plants to cure diseases, from knowledge obtained, in most cases, from their ancestors. This traditional knowledge contributes to the cultural knowledge of the region and to the research and development of new drugs.

Palavras-chave : Ethnobotany; traditional medicine; medicinal plants; Abaetetuba.

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