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Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

versão impressa ISSN 1516-0572versão On-line ISSN 1983-084X

Resumo

COQUEIRO, A.Y.; PEREIRA, J.R.R.  e  GALANTE, F.. Peel flour of the Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa Deg (yellow passion fruit): From therapeutic potentials to side effects. Rev. bras. plantas med. [online]. 2016, vol.18, n.2, pp.563-569. ISSN 1516-0572.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1983-084X/15_187.

The yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa Deg) is considered a functional food, because, in addition to nutritional functions, it performs actions in specific metabolic pathways. The yellow passion fruit peel flour (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa Deg) is rich in pectin. This fiber reduces the absorption of carbohydrates and lipids, influencing the metabolism of these nutrients. Individuals affected by pathologies associated with alterations in the metabolism of lipids and carbohydrates have used this resource indiscriminately, however, substances called cyanogenic glycosides, present in the fruit peel, are toxic to the body and harmful to health. In addition, the overuse of pesticides in passion fruit production is becoming worrisome and the ingestion of these compounds can also cause negative health implications. Therefore, the aim of this study was to synthesize the available knowledge regarding the therapeutic effects and side effects of supplementation with the yellow passion fruit peel flour (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa Deg). A literature review was conducted from the indexed databases SCIELO, LILACS and PUBMED, without limitation to the publication period. The studies included in the work, unanimously, have effectiveness of supplementation with yellow passion fruit peel flour (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa Deg). The crushing of the fruit peel, performed in the process of obtaining flour, is unable to promote a reduction of cyanogenic glycosides and pesticides, causing individuals undergoing supplementation to be susceptible to the toxic effects of these compounds. Thus, this study’s development to evaluate the toxicity of supplementation for chronic periods is very important. With reference to the use of pesticides, flour production with organic fruits can be an alternative to attenuate toxicity and it is necessary to elucidate this hypothesis through this study.

Palavras-chave : Passiflora; Passion Fruit; Pesticides; Cyanide.

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