versão impressa ISSN 1516-1439
CANDIDO, Geraldo Maurício; REZENDE, Mirabel Cerqueira e ALMEIDA, Sérgio Frascino Müller de. Hygrothermal effects on the tensile strength of carbon/epoxy laminates with molded edges. Mat. Res. [online]. 2000, vol.3, n.2, pp. 11-17. ISSN 1516-1439. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392000000200003.
The interlaminar stresses are confined to a region near the free edge. Therefore, the laminate stacking sequence and the free edge finishing are some of the factors that affect the strength of the laminate and limit its life. The use of molded edges eliminates the need for trimming and machining the laminates edges thus improving productivity. However, this fabrication technique may have a detrimental effect on the laminate strength for certain stacking sequences. This effect in the presence of moisture has not been characterized. This work presents the results of a comparative study of the resistance to delamination of laminates with machined edges and molded edges. Additionally, two environmental conditions were considered: dry laminates and laminates saturated with moisture. The tensile strength of the laminates were measured and micrographs were used to analyze the microstructure of the laminates near the free edges. It is concluded that the mechanical properties of advanced composites depend on the environmental conditions and the fabrication techniques used to produce the laminates. Therefore, it is necessary to account for these factors when experimentally determining the design allowables.
Palavras-chave : composites; hygrothermal effects; free edges; tensile strength.